72nd Independence Day of India, 15 August 2018
72nd Independence Day of India, 15 August 2018

72nd Independence Day of India: Mahatma Gandhi had led the independence movement of India. But when the country got independence on August 15, 1947, they did not participate in the celebration.

72nd Independence Day of India

Ten interesting things related to India’s independence

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India
  1. Mahatma Gandhi was in Bengal Mohakhali, thousands of kilometres away from Delhi on Independence Day, where he was on hunger strike to stop communal violence between Hindus and Muslims.
  2. When it was decided that India would be free on August 15, Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel sent a letter to Mahatma Gandhi. It was written in the letter, “August 15, 1947, will be our first Independence Day, you are the Father of the Nation”.
  3. Gandhi sent an answer to this statement, “When Hindus and Muslims are killing each other in Calcutta, how can I come to celebrate this, I will give my life to stop the riots.”
  4. Jawaharlal Nehru delivered the historic speech ‘Tryst with Destiny’ on the midnight of August 14 from the Viceroy Lodge (the current Rashtrapati Bhavan). Nehru then did not become the Prime Minister. The speech was heard by the whole world, but Gandhi went to sleep that day at nine o’clock.
  5. On August 15, 1947, Lord Mountbatten worked at his office. In the afternoon Nehru handed him a list of his cabinet and later addressed a gathering in Princes Garden near India Gate.
  6. On every Independence Day, the Indian Prime Minister hoists the flag from the Red Fort. But this did not happen on August 15, 1947. According to a research paper of the Lok Sabha secretariat, Nehru hoisted the flag on August 16, 1947, from the Red Fort.
  7. According to Campbell Johnson, the press secretary of Lord Mountbatten, the then Viceroy of India, the friend nation was on the second anniversary of the dedication of Japan in front of the country’s army on August 15, on this day it was decided to free India.
  8. By August 15, the boundary line between India and Pakistan was not determined. The decision was made on August 17 with the announcement of Radcliffe Line.
  9. India became free on August 15, but there was no national anthem of its own. Rabindranath Tagore’s Jan-Gan-Mann had been written in 1911, but this national anthem was made in 1950 itself.
  10. August 15, Independence Day of India, besides three other countries. South Korea became independent from Japan on August 15, 1945. Bahrain was liberated from Britain on August 15, 1971, and Congo from France on August 15, 1960.

Strengths of India as a Nation

On August 15, 2018, we celebrate 72nd Independence. In these 71 years there has been a lot of change in the world, in which the most things have increased, then it is India’s credit. In these 71 years, India has achieved a new place in the world.
Seeing that once again the appearance of the golden bird in India appears. It seems that the day is not far when India will once again lead the world. It is not just saying that we are, but the rapidly growing economy, resource and nature of India is saying.

In the last few years, India has realized the world its power. Whether it is a matter of military capability or technology, it is a matter of production or exports, it is a matter of market or growing economy, India has wooed its image everywhere.

India’s Military capability

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India

India’s military capability considers the whole world. At present, India’s military budget is $ 46 billion. Which is spent on acquiring modern military techniques and making it constantly aggressive.

India has heavy ballistic missiles capable of responding to any attack. India has about 13 lakhs 25 thousand soldiers. If the reserve and paramilitary forces are added to it, then this number is about 47 lakh 68 thousand.

India has 6 thousand tanks, with 4000 armed carrier and BMP machines. Apart from this, India has 7 thousand canons. Including Bofors. This cannon is enough to fight with enemies. India has 1 lakh 20 thousand Vayu Sena ana d a large number of military aircraft.

India also has 2 thousand fighter aircraft. Apart from this, there are 600 warships, helicopters and 200 warships. India also has two naval aircraft carrier warships. The Indian Navy also has 15 submarines.

Apart from this, India’s greatest strength is its antiquated missiles. Which are enough to wipe out the enemies. The Indian Army has modern missiles like BrahMos, Agni, Earth, Akash, and Nag. India has the most fatal Agni 5 missile. 5,000 kilometres of firepower.

India’s fast-growing economy

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India (Image: DNA India)

India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. World Bank has expressed confidence in the Indian economy and said that India has come out with the effect of the demonetisation and India’s GDP growth will be higher in coming years. India’s GDP in 2016 was 6.8 per cent.

The report of the World Bank states that due to the monsoon, there will be growth in agriculture and rural areas. The endorsement of the cash crisis will benefit the export industry. According to the American think tank, India will become the fastest growing economy in the coming 5 years.

In December 2016, India had left Britain behind as a growing economy. According to Forbes, Britain’s GDP in 2016 was $ 1870 billion. India’s GDP was $ 2300 billion. For the first time in 150 years, this was when the Indian economy had left Britain behind. However, in terms of per capita income, India is far behind the UK.

An Indian Railway in the world’s largest network

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India

Indian Railways is the second largest network in the world. It has been the main transportation of India for more than 160 years. There are more than 13 lakh employees in Indian Railways, Which is more than the number of people working in any area of the world.

Indian Railways started on 16th April 1853. If the tracks of Indian Railways are connected directly, their length will be 1.5 times more than the size of the Earth. Indian Railways website has more than 12 lakh hits per day. There are millions of cyber attacks on the railways but the railway website never stops.

The first rail track in India was laid by two Indians. The names of these Indians were Jagannath Shankarseth and Jamsedji Jijibhai. About 30 million people travel daily in Indian Railways, which is almost equal to the population of Australia. There are about 7 thousand 500 stations in Indian Railways, including small and large.

6 top challenges for India in the 21st century

We have reached the 72nd year of independence. In these years, the country has made progress in various fields, but we still have to fight against the country’s biggest challenges. Illiteracy, poverty and unemployment have not ended yet. Today, these problems have become a challenge for every government, but regret has not been solved to date. In the race of modernity, social evils are blurring the image of the country. Increasing cases of crime and child labour are spoiling the image of the country. We all have to take a resolution to deal with these challenges soon. There are also many problems in our district that have not been resolved to date. Presenting the full report:

Illiteracy 

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India (Image: Huffington Post)

Despite the Right to Education Act has not been away from the stigma of illiteracy city. Many students are deprived of this because education is expensive. At the primary level, no special effort is being made to connect drop out children. In the 72nd year of independence, the government will have to create a level of education. up to 12 std will have to make education compulsory to be completely free so that the stigma of illiteracy will be removed soon. Many children living in the slum town of the city are deprived of primary education, which the education department has not been able to identify. There is a need to run a dense campaign so that the country can take the flight of progress.

Poverty

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India

There are many families who are bicycling, wage labourers in the city, whose house runs by the day’s earnings. Due to illiteracy, the poverty wall is getting thicker. At the time of the demonetisation, many such labourers were present, who was getting a stale roti. In order to overcome poverty, adult education centres should be run in the city regularly. Skills should be developed based on the workers’ interests. Separate arrangements should be made for those who can not work for ration and ration of the needy poor. Many labourers return home empty-handed daily at Labor Square in Faridabad and Ballabgarh, making them skilled by getting them free from poverty.

Unemployment

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India

The number of educated unemployed in this industrial city of Delhi NCR is increasing. Those young people who have attained education, they are not getting employment. In the absence of infrastructure in schools and colleges, their skill development has not been done. In this case, job opportunities are not being provided by companies. Upon reaching companies, it is asked if the work comes, then the students can not answer. The current education system should be shifted to experimental knowledge so that after the completion of studies, the youth can support the house with their earnings. In India, thousands of unemployed educated people are coming out every year, who have to wander to get a job.

Social virtues

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India

The recently released film ‘Toilet’ has hit the mouth of social evils. The rural and urban areas of Faridabad have not been able to overcome dowry practices, the practice of discriminating against the lower castes. The cases of dowry practice are coming continuously in front of the police. It is not that it is being done by the uneducated people, a large number of educated classes are included in it. To overcome them, people have to move forward over time. You have to change your thinking. Women in rural areas need to be aware of this. For this, the young generation will have to cooperate. Gramin India will be able to advance on getting independence from social evils.

Crime

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India

The Central Government has proposed Faridabad City for Smart City, but with the increasing graph of crime, this Crime City is increasing rapidly. Every day cases of robbery, murder, rape, abduction, flirting, sexual harassment are coming out. These cases have raised questions about the functioning of the police. Women say that the police attitude is not good at complaining about these cases. There should be the deployment of more policemen for freedom from crime. Regular PCR should not be patrolled. The police administration is busy protecting them due to the VVIP event in the city every day. Security of the leaders does not provide security to the common people. There must be a change in this arrangement. The fears against the police in the miscreants should be worked on the principle of faith in the general public.

Child labour

72nd Independence Day of India
72nd Independence Day of India

Even though child labour is illegal, this crime is being promoted by the educated people. In the city-run hotels and factories, work is done by child labourers. The efforts made so far to prevent this at the government level cannot be completely successful. Everybody knows about child labour, even after this it is not being imposed on it. Although some people believe child labour is definitely a crime, it is financial help for that family. In order to prevent child labour, the family will have to rely on the complete help from the government. So that his son or daughter can do studies. Ration material will be provided when needed so that they can stay away from child labour.

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