International Tiger Day 2018: Today the whole world is celebrating 8th International Tiger Day. The Save Tiger campaign started in the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit 2010 and the whole world has taken the hand. It started with the Tiger Summit held in St. Petersburg on 29 July 2010. Like every year, ‘World Tiger Day’ is being celebrated on July 29 this year too. On this occasion, the work of making people aware of the continuous decline of tigers in countries around the world is done. It is organized to alert people towards the safety of the decreasing number of tigers in the world. Under this, all the organizations working for animals came forward and assured to work together to preserve Tigers. Tigers worldwide are constantly moving towards extinction.
According to statistics, the number of Tigers was about one lakh in 1913, but after 100 years, their population has been reduced to only three to four thousand. According to the WWF(World Wildlife Fund), 97 per cent of the world’s tigers are finished and only 3891 tigers are left in the world.
World Celebrates International Tiger Day 2018
How many tigers are alive in India?
India is home to 70 per cent of tigers in the world. According to the latest estimation, 2226 tigers are present in 49 habitations in the major 17 states of the country. The biggest of which is 408 Tiger in Bandipur National Park in Karnataka. Every year 25 to 50 tigers are killed in India alone. There are many such states in India where the Tigers reservoir has been built for the protection of tigers. A number of efforts are being made in India for the protection and protection of Tigers. One of them is International Tiger Day 2018 (World Tiger Day).
Why are Tigers Endangered?
Biological pressure on forests, food chain breaking down
There are several reasons for this to be reduced. As the gradual end of forests, global warming, continuous hunting, it is very important to control the rapidly declining number of tigers, otherwise, it will end. Tiger is a kind of open gold kept in the forests. Smugglers hunt these tigers because of their skin, teeth, bones etc. are very expensive.
They were killed for the purpose of sports, hunting, tradition and medicines, but now the victims are punished for years. Tiger populations have seen a rapid increase following the WWF Global campaign last year. International Tiger Day 2018 is the part of the campaign to save Tigers.
Borken Food chain of wildlife
With the influx of floods, every year from the Nepalese rivers, the food chain of wildlife has started to break in Dudhwa National Park. Due to deficiency of grasslands, there is a decrease in the population of various species of deer. Tigers and leopards come out of the jungle after not getting enough food in the forest. The presence of animals outside the forest is not safe for humans nor for animals.
Organic pressure is increasing on the forests
185 villages are inhabited in the area of 10 km around Dudhwa National Park. People of these villages are dependent on forests for the burning wood, Thuniya, thumb and pallet etc. to make cottage. They have to be equal in the forests. Apart from this, pets of these villagers go to grazing in the forest. It disrupts the tigers’ natural habitat.
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Tiger reserves in India (Status of Tigers in India)
In spite of all the efforts being made to protect the Tigers at the national and international level, the vegetarian creatures being reduced by the lack of grasslands are not seen as expected. In spite of the lack of forest area, the tigers’ natural habitat and the decrease in food intake are increasing in tiger populations. At the time of the establishment of Dudhwa National Park, there were about 70 tigers were there. Now there are 117 Tigers claimed, If we believe in government figures, there is an increase of 47 tigers in forty years. This increase can be considered satisfactory, not encouraging.
In 1987, Dudhwa National Park, Kishanpur Sanctuary and Katerniaghat were declared Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. After this, efforts were made to conserve and enrich tigers, but not enough efforts to save the growing organic pressure on the forests and the breaking food chain should have been as much as possible. Deficiency in the grasslands is decreasing in tiger food deer and other vegan organisms. Tigers, leopards have to get out of the woods in search of food. Tigers and leopards are often at risk from this. On the International Tiger Day 2018, we need to take a responsibility to save tigers.
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Attempts for Tiger Conservation in India
- Operation of the Jaayka project to reduce the reliance on the forests of people related to the forest.
- Formation of Tiger Coverage Authority for the protection of tiger. Tiger Protection Force Drill
- Development of grasslands in the forests.
- Expansion of buffer zone of Tiger Reserve.
- Lowland Arc Project to provide a corridor to tigers from Valmiki National Park, Bihar via Carbet National Park, Dudhwa National Park and Nepal.
Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is trying to conserve and enrich tigers. Here the increase in the number of tigers is satisfactory. – Sunil Chaudhary, Field Director, Dudhwa Tiger Reserve